Bioinformatics is a new and rapidly evolving research area. Even a consensus on its definition has not been reached yet. For many, myself included, it is the application of mathematical, computational and statistical techniques to data being generated in molecular biology. (Broader definitions would drop molecular.) Whatever definition one chooses, the role of mathematical theory in biology is, without doubt, crucial.
As molecular biology is proceeding towards characterising the genetic basis of biological processes, we find mathematical, computational and statistical sciences playing an increasingly important role. They are forming the basis for the organisation, interpretation and prediction of the burgeoning experimental information. There are many research avenues that could be explored.
Some topical research areas for review could be chosen from, the following:
- Mapping genes and genomes
- Measuring the rate of evolution
- Alignment of sequences.